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**********CD-I FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS v2.0.1**********

 

 

QUESTIONS ANSWERED IN THIS DOCUMENT

1. What is CD-i?

2. What CD-i discs are available and where can I purchase them?

3. What CD-i players are available?

4. Where can I buy a consumer CD-i player?

5. What are the differences among all of these CD-ROM based platforms?

6. What are CD-ROM/XA bridge discs?

7. I have a computer with a CD-ROM/XA drive. Can I play CD-i discs on

it?

8. How do I make discs for CD-i?

9. What is an authoring system?

10. Should I use an authoring system or should I have a software

engineer write a custom program?

11 If I decide to use an authoring system, how do I know what hardware

and software I'll need?

12. Can I use a Macintosh or PC based authoring tool to create CD-i

discs?

13. I am involved in CD-ROM and I would like to make CD-i software. How

can I port my PC, Macintosh, CDTV, or VIS title to CD-i?

14. What is an emulator?

15. What support does Philips provide for the development of CD-i

titles for home entertainment ?

16. What support does Philips provide for professional or educational

applications?

17. Is CD-i proprietary? Do I need a license to produce CD-i discs?

18. What are the Red, Yellow, Green, Orange, and White Books?

19. How do I get a copy of the Green Book (CD-i Full Functional

Specification)?

20. What are CD+Graphics discs?

21. What are Photo CD discs?

22. What are multi-session discs?

23. What are Karaoke CD discs?

24. What are Video CD discs?

25. Organizations that provide CD-i information, products and services

26. Related documents for prospective CD-i developers

*****

 

1. WHAT IS CD-I?

CD-i is an entertainment and information system that plays digital data

stored on a compact disc. The CD-i player connects to a television set or to

a color monitor. You may also connect a CD-i player to your stereo system for

higher quality audio. CD-i discs are used in the home, in education, and in

business.

 

CD-i is the first multimedia technology aimed at a mass audience. CD-i allows

the multimedia designer to blend different media-in the form of visual,

audio, graphic, and computer data-into a single experience for the user. CD-i

allows the user to interact with the information on the disc and to guide the

presentation in a meaningful way. CD-i lends itself to informational titles,

games, encyclopedias, educational material, and many business applications.

With the addition of a special hardware module, CD-i players can now play

feature films and other video material.

 

Besides CD-i discs, CD-i player can play Compact Disc-Digital Audio (CD-DA),

CD+Graphics (CD+G), Photo CD, and, with a Digital Video cartridge, Karaoke

CD and Video CD discs. A CD-i player is a self-contained computer system with

specific video, audio and control hardware and software, and an optical disc

drive.

 

CD-i technology was developed jointly by N.V. Philips of the Netherlands and

Sony Corporation in Japan. The primary goal of the two companies was to

develop a worldwide standard so that CD-i discs would run on all CD-i players

anywhere in the world. To that end, they published the 'CD-i Full Functional

Specification,' which is more commonly known as the 'Green Book.' Any changes

or extensions to the CD-i standard must be approved by both Philips and Sony

before they become an official part of the specification.

*****

 

2. WHAT CD-I DISCS ARE AVAILABLE AND WHERE CAN I PURCHASE THEM?

Philips has an extensive catalog of home entertainment titles. In the United

States, you may call a toll-free number 1-800-845-7301 for a catalog and for

referral to a retail location where you may purchase discs. CD-i discs are

also available via mail order; call the toll-free number 1-800-824-2567. CD-i

software (discs) is also being stocked at a limited number of 'record' stores

that sell audio tapes, compact disc audio titles, videotapes, etc. Rental of

CD-i discs is also being tested in a limited number of markets. Samples of

professional titles are available through Philips Interactive Media Systems.

*****

 

3. WHAT CD-I PLAYERS ARE AVAILABLE ?

There are three classes of CD-i players: consumer, professional and

development. Consumer players are players for home use and are sold through

retail outlets. Professional players have specific features, such as

connectivity, floppy disk drive, or portability, and are more expensive than

the consumer player. Development players have features that enable title

development, such as debugging tools and the ability to connect to an

emulator.

 

The CD-i 220 player, which is designed for consumers, is available at major

home electronics outlets around the world. Professional and development

players are sold by Philips Interactive Media Systems and their VARs. Philips

currently markets several CD-i player models. The CD-i 605 is designed for

professional applications and for software development. It contains a floppy

disk drive and can connect to a keyboard and other computer peripherals. It

can alsobe connected to an emulator and has software testing and debugging

features. The CD-i 360 player is a portable player that is sold in the

professional market and is not currently available to home consumers. It is

particularly useful for point of sale presentations, such as those used by

pharmaceutical companies to provide product information to physicians,

because it can be carried by the sales representative.

 

Companies besides Philips-for example, Sony, Samsung, Goldstar, Matsushita,

Sanyo, and Kyocera-also manufacture various CD-i players.

*****

 

4. WHERE CAN I BUY A CONSUMER CD-I PLAYER?

Consumer CD-i players and discs are available at major home electronics

outlets around the world. In the U.S., you may call a toll-free number,

1-800-845-7301, for referral to the nearest retail store that sells CD-i

players and discs. Rentals of CD-i players are also being tried in a limited

number of test markets.

*****

 

5. WHAT ARE THE DIFFERENCES AMONG ALL OF THESE CD-ROM BASED PLATFORMS?

CD-i, VIS, 3DO, CDTV, CD-ROM, MMCD, Macintosh CD-ROM, MPC, Sega CD, TTI,

FM-TOWNS/Marty are some of the many different platforms for delivering CD-ROM

based entertainment and information applications.

 

All of the aforementioned platforms (and others not mentioned here) usually

utilize the same kinds of components: specific audio, video, and user input

hardware; a computer system; and a CD-ROM drive. However, the components all

have different characteristics and features and are, therefore, generally

incompatible. If you have a title for any of those systems, it will not work

on any of the other platforms unless special steps have been taken by the

developer of the title to ensure compatibility with more than one platform.

 

All of the above-mentioned systems play CD-DA discs. Some play CD+G discs,

and some play CD-ROM/XA bridge discs like PhotoCD.

 

This current world-wide incompatibility presents big challenges for both

users and developers, but it is a fact of life until the dust settles around

the prevailing format(s).

*****

 

6. WHAT ARE CD-ROM/XA BRIDGE DISCS?

CD-ROM/XA bridge discs are discs that can be played on a personal computer

with sufficient hardware and software, on dedicated players, and on CD-i

players. CD-ROM/XA bridge discs contain audio-visual data and adhere to the

CD-ROM/XA standard. Therefore, they can be read by any computer with a

CD-ROM/XA drive. The computer needs a special program to play the audio

visual data from the disc. In addition to the audio-visual content, CD-ROM/XA

brdige discs contain a CD-i application program that allows you to play the

content on a CD-i player. It is also possible to have players dedicated to

playing a specific type of CD-ROM/XA bridge disc.

 

The most well-known example of CD-ROM/XA bridge discs are Photo CD discs.

Photo CD discs contain graphic images in a specified structure and a CD-i

program. These discs can be played on a Photo-CD player, a CD-i player, and

on a computer using a separate Photo CD access program.

*****

 

7. I HAVE A COMPUTER WITH A CD-ROM/XA DRIVE. CAN I PLAY CD-I DISCS ON IT?

Some manufacturers claim their CD-ROM/XA drives are 'CD-i compatible.' They

probably mean that the drives can read CD-i compatible data. That does not

mean that a computer attached to their CD-ROM/XA drive can run CD-i programs.

 

The CD-i standard includes specifications for audio, video and computer

hardware. In contrast to a CD-ROM drive, a CD-i player contains a complete

computer system that runs its own operating system. For a system to be CD-i

compatible, it needs to have a Motorola 68000 family central processing unit,

special audio and video hardware, and a special operating system called

CD-RTOS. A CD-ROM/XA drive connected to a PC or a Macintosh does not meet the

CD-i specification and, thus, cannot play CD-i discs.

*****

 

8. HOW DO I MAKE DISCS FOR CD-I?

The creation of CD-i discs involves the development of audio and video assets

and an interactive program. CD-i uses a real-time operating system called

CD-RTOS (Compact Disc Real-Time Operating System). CD-RTOS is a specialized

operating system designed specifically for CD-i and is based on the OS-9

real-time, multi-tasking operating system.

 

CD-i titles can be developed through the use of an authoring system, such as

MediaMogul from OptImage, or may involve custom software engineering, using

C or 68000 assembly language programming. As a rule, if the title design is

complex or if the design requires a great deal of interactivity, custom

software engineering is required. The software engineering effort can be

reduced through the use of software development tools and specialized

software libraries, such as the Balboa Run-Time System.

*****

 

9. WHAT IS AN AUTHORING SYSTEM?

An authoring system is a specialized system that allows a producer or

designer to design and assemble the elements of a multimedia presentation

without any software engineering. OptImage's MediaMogul and Script System's

ABCD-I are examples of authoring systems used for CD-i. Often, authoring

systems allow you to custom engineer add-on modules or to buy add-on modules

that provide additional functionality.

 

There are a several authoring systems for CD-i on the market. The

capabilities and ease of use of these systems may vary widely. If you have

questions about the suitability of an authoring system for your title design,

ask the vendor for references to other CD-i developers who have produced

similar types of titles with the system in question.

*****

 

10. SHOULD I USE AN AUTHORING SYSTEM OR SHOULD I HAVE A SOFTWARE

ENGINEER WRITE A CUSTOM PROGRAM?

Authoring systems can reduce development time and effort and make CD-i

technology accessible to those who do not have software engineering skills.

The design of a title produced with an authoring system is typically

constrained to a fairly low level of interactivity and complexity. The

creativity of the interactive designer can make these constraints less

apparent to the user.

 

If, however, you wish to produce a title that is more interactive or complex,

such as an action game, custom software engineering becomes a necessity.

Typically, titles designed for the consumer marketplace require this type of

complexity and are much more expensive to produce because of the custom

software engineering required to complete them. Custom engineering is done

by writing C or 68000 assembly language programs that directly interface with

CD-RTOS, the operating system for CD-i, or that make use of the Balboa

Run-Time System libraries (available from OptImage).

 

On the other hand, many applications for presentations, point of sale,

marketing, and training may lend themselves very well to use of an authoring

system. If a sound and slideshow with some branching is adequate for a

design, then an authoring system will probably serve well. Authoring systems

are becoming increasingly sophisticated and their developer's continue to

enhance them to add functionality. For example, MediaMogul now allows the use

of Digital Video segments as assets for a CD-i title and also allows the use

of plug-in modules to expand its functionality. Nonetheless, no authoring

system currently on the market allows the title designer to approach the

complexity of design that can be attained with the services of a skilled CD-i

software engineer.

*****

 

11. IF I DECIDE TO USE AN AUTHORING SYSTEM, HOW DO I KNOW WHAT HARDWARE

AND SOFTWARE I'LL NEED?

The supplier for your authoring system typically can provide a complete

solution, including hardware and software. Basically, your authoring system

will either run on a CD-i 605 (development) player or on a personal computer.

You will need to prepare your audio and video assets on a high end personal

computer and convert them there to CD-i format. First you will need personal

computer programs and hardware for the capture or creation of images and

programs for the editing of audio and images. Some examples of these 'off-the

shelf' programs for the Macintosh are Adobe Photoshop, Studio 32, Macromind

Director, and DigiDesign Sound Tools II. You will also need tools to convert

your assets to CD-i format; these are called audio and image conversion

utilities.

 

In addition you'll need cables and networking software to let you connect

your player to the personal computer and you will need an emulator so that

you can test your work in progress.

*****

 

12. CAN I USE A MACINTOSH OR PC BASED AUTHORING TOOL TO CREATE CD-I

DISCS?

Commonly used Macintosh and PC based authoring tools such as Macromedia

Director or Authorware or Toolbook cannot be used to create CD-i titles. As

yet, there is no easy way to convert the output of those tools into a CD-i

format disc image.

 

These personal computer platforms and the CD-i platform differ too much for

good cross-platform authoring. When authoring on a PC or a Macintosh, you

make use of special features of the personal computer, such as fast video

updates, fine image resolution, and fast hard-disk access. On the other hand,

when developing for CD-i, you want to make use of the unique features of

CD-i, such as DYUV images, two planes, real-time audio play, video effects,

Digital MPEG Video etc., which are not available when you are using PC or

Macintosh tools.

*****

 

13. I AM INVOLVED IN CD-ROM AND I WOULD LIKE TO MAKE CD-I SOFTWARE. HOW

CAN I PORT MY PC, MACINTOSH, CDTV, OR VIS TITLE TO CD-I?

It is not trivial to port a CD-ROM title to CD-i. However, through the use

of careful design and production techniques, it can be done with a lot less

effort than starting from scratch.

 

In our experience title development is about 25 to 50% platform specific and

50 to 75% platform independent. In case of authoring, the actual process of

scripting and assembling the presentation is platform specific. In the case

of custom C programming, the software design and implementation is largely

platform specific. On the other hand, the specific title design, the source

audio and video assets, and the integration system can be platform

independent.

 

Our porting guidelines in a nutshell are:

 

- Keep all your source assets in their high quality, original form (for

example, in the form of 24-bit RGB images and 44 KHz PCM audio) .

 

- Make sure the encoding pathways for all your assets are automated, or at

least well documented.

 

- Separate your code into platform-specific and general parts, if possible.

 

- Verify that the design specification will translate successfully to CD-i.

This can be done by prototyping or 'proof of concept' engineering.

 

- Then, reimplement your title using the design, which has been modified, if

necessary, for CD-i, any reusable code, and the original audio and video

assets.

*****

 

14. WHAT IS AN EMULATOR?

CD-i programs are developed to run off of a compact disc on an optical disc

drive. You cannot properly play back and test your programs from the hard

disk of the computer you are using to develop the programs for your CD-i

application. The data delivery system and CD interface, the data rate, and

the (slow) access time of the CD drive need to be taken into account. Thus,

it is necessary to 'emulate' play of the application from optical disc. An

emulator is an intelligent computer-peripheral device with a high-capacity

hard disk. During CD-i development, a disc image is built onto the hard disk

of the emulator and the disc image can be 'played' as if it were on an

optical disc. The emulator removes the need to burn new CD-i discs at various

stages of development process to use for functional testing, and can, thus,

save a lot of time and money.

*****

 

15. WHAT SUPPORT DOES PHILIPS PROVIDE FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF CD-I TITLES

FOR HOME ENTERTAINMENT ?

Philips Media co-funds a limited number of titles and acts as a distributor

for selected titles from independent CD-i developers.

 

Co-Productions

Philips Media reviews proposals from prospective co-producers. To prepare a

proposal, describe the subject matter for the title in two or three

sentences. Because Philips cannot guarantee confidentiality in the handling

of your proposal in the early stage of the proposal process, we advise you

not to send a detailed outline or discussion of your ideas. But, do provide

detailed information on your company (brochures, company background, etc.),

its personnel (resumes or biographies), and facilities. Because Philips

receives a large number of proposals, a response will take at least three

weeks. Upon approval of your proposal for further consideration, a next step

would be a business plan and a mutual confidentiality agreement.

 

Distribution for Independent Producers

As part of Philips Media's publishing activity, independent producers are

encouraged to seek distribution agreements for their CD-i titles. Philips

establishes and maintains distribution channels worldwide. The procedure for

obtaining a distribution agreement with Philips is outlined in a document

titled 'Guidelines for Distribution License Agreements,' which is available

upon request from the International Product Management and Distribution

office, Philips Media Electronic Publishing.

*****

 

16. WHAT SUPPORT DOES PHILIPS PROVIDE FOR PROFESSIONAL OR EDUCATIONAL

APPLICATIONS?

Philips Media Systems is responsible for sales and support of CD-i

development systems and players for use in the professional marketplace. This

group can assist developers in designing and putting together hardware

systems and can direct developers to suppliers of development software and

authoring systems.

 

Suppliers of development systems typically offer complete CD-i development

systems that include the hardware and software required for the type of

application desired. The often provide training and technical support, as

well.

*****

 

17. IS CD-I PROPRIETARY? DO I NEED A LICENSE TO PRODUCE CD-I DISCS?

Content developers for CD-i do not need a license. Manufacturers of CD-i

players and CD-i discs do need a patent license from Philips. A content

developer may obtain the same information package that is received by

licensees for a fee of $5000. If they wish only to obtain the 'CD-i Full

Functional Specification' (Green Book), they may sign a non-disclosure

agreement and pay a fee of US $200.

*****

 

18. WHAT ARE THE RED, YELLOW, GREEN, ORANGE, AND WHITE BOOKS?

Philips and Sony jointly developed compact disc technology and they co-own

the patents. The two companies have written and now maintain a set of

specifications for the encoding and formatting of digital data on compact

discs. Each specification is referred to by a color designation and the cover

of the specification is that color. These specifications detail the accepted

industry foundation for interplatform compatibility. A description of each

of the color coded specifications follows:

 

- Red Book

This is the specification for Compact Disc-Digital Audio. All audio CDs

adhere to specification in the Red Book, and are, thus, assured to play on

any CD audio player in the world.

 

- Yellow Book

This specification defines the computer-based CD-ROM standard. The standard

specifies the sector format on disc. There are two sector formats: Mode 1,

CD-ROM , 2048 byte sectors, and Mode 2, CD-ROM/XA, 2324 byte sectors. Mode

2 sectors also contain end-of-record markers, interrupt triggers, data type

specifications, etc. Other standards, such as ISO 9660 and Apple HFS, which

may be used in combination with the Yellow Book standard, define the

directory and file structures.

 

- Green Book

This specification builds on the Red Book and the Yellow Book and is the

specification for Compact Disc-Interactive (CD-i).

 

- Orange Book

This specification covers writable CDs, including CD Recordable (CD-R),

magneto-optical cartridge systems and single- and multi-session recording.

 

- White Book

This specification covers the Video CD format.

 

These specifications are available from Bert Gall, Philips Consumer

Electronics in The Netherlands.

*****

 

19. HOW DO I GET A COPY OF THE GREEN BOOK (CD-I FULL FUNCTIONAL

SPECIFICATION)?

The Green Book is available from both Philips and Sony. The Green Book can

be obtained from Bert Gall, Philips Consumer Electronics in The Netherlands.

The various regional CD-i associations, such as CD-i Association of North

America and CD-i Association of Europe, have also made special arrangements

for their members to obtain this specification. (Note that the Red, Yellow,

Orange, and White Book are available from the same source.)

*****

 

20. WHAT ARE CD+GRAPHICS DISCS?

CD+G is a format that allows a music producer to add still graphics to a

CD-DA disc. This format has been used to a limited degree; it has been most

common in the Japanese marketplace.

*****

 

21. WHAT ARE PHOTO CD DISCS?

Photo CD discs are a special type of CD-ROM/XA bridge discs that allow you

to put 35 mm photographic images on disc for play back on a dedicated Photo

CD player or on a CD-i player. Photo CD allows you to display your personal

photographs on your television set. The Photo CD disc contains a special CD-i

application program that allows your pictures to be played back on a CD-i

player. Photo CD discs can be multi-session discs. This means that after you

have had pictures from your first roll of film 'burned' into the disc, you

can have the photo processor add pictures in additional disc burning sessions

until the disc is full.

 

Photo CD has also added an interesting source of high quality photographic

images for developers of CD-i. It is possible to read images from a Photo CD

disc via a CD-ROM XA drive and, using Photo CD access software and image

conversion utilities, to use the images as source assets for a CD-i disc.

*****

 

22. WHAT ARE MULTI-SESSION DISCS?

An optical disc is typically made in one session. The data on a

single-session disc cannot be changed, and data can not be added to the disc.

However, the Orange Book specifies a special format for recordable CDs:

multi-session discs. This format allows you to use one disc for one or more

additional recording sessions. After the initial data is burned into the

disc, it is possible to add data during future sessions until the disc is

full. Since you cannot change information on a recordable disc, a new session

should contain a table of contents comprised of the old and the new

information on the disc. The system that reads a multi-session disc needs to

take this into account. It should not look for just any table of contents or

directory of a CD-ROM disc; it should look for the last table of contents or

directory. Because of this issue, many older CD-ROM drives cannot read

multi-session discs.

*****

 

23. WHAT ARE KARAOKE CD DISCS?

Karaoke CD discs are a special kind of CD ROM/XA bridge disc that allow you

to play Karaoke discs on a dedicated Karaoke CD player or on a CD-i player

equipped with a Digital Video cartridge. The Karaoke CD standard was

developed jointly Philips and JVC. It features the ability to play

full-screen, full-motion video and CD-quality audio using the MPEG-1

compression standard. Note that CD-i players with an added Digital Video

cartridge can play Karaoke CD discs; CD-i discs do not play on a Karaoke CD

player.

*****

 

24. WHAT ARE VIDEO CD DISCS?

Video CD discs are a special kind of CD-ROM/XA bridge disc that allow you to

play feature films and music videos on a dedicated Video CD player or on a

CD-i player equipped with a Digital Video cartridge. A computer equipped with

the appropriate hardware and software could also play Video CD discs. The

Video CD standard is supported by Philips, JVC, Sony, and Matsushita. It is

based on the Karaoke-CD standard and, thus, features the ability to play

full-screen, full-motion video with CD-quality audio, using the MPEG-1

compression standard.

*****

 

25. ORGANIZATIONS THAT PROVIDE CD-I INFORMATION, PRODUCTS AND SERVICES

 

*****

CD-I Associations

 

CD-i Association of North America

11111Santa Monica Boulevard, Suite 700

Los Angeles, CA 90025

Contact: Laura Foti Cohen

Phone: +1 310 444 6613

Fax: +1 310 479 5937

 

European CD-i Association

188 Tottenham Court Road

London W1P 9LE

United Kingdom

Contact: Julian Lynn-Evans

 

Business to Business Interactive Compact Disc User Group

PO Box 3421

WestPort, CT 06881

USA

Contact: Bruce Meek

Phone: +1 203 221 9045

Contact: Paul Holmes

Phone: +1 216 349 1116

*****

Authoring and Development Systems--Worldwide

 

OptImage Interactive Services Company, L.P.

1501 50th Street, Suite 100

Des Moines, IA 50265-0252

Phone: +1 515 225 7000

Toll-free-U.S.: 1 800 234 5484

Fax: +1 515 222-2080

All OptImage representatives may be reached at the numbers above.

Western Region: John Washburn

Eastern Region: Craig Zimmerman

Central: Pam Wilber

Southeast: John Brown

 

International Interactive Media SA (I2M)

2229 Routes des Cretes

Sophia Antipolis, Valbonne 06560

France

Phone: +33 92 94 21 30

FAX +33 92 96 21 32

 

Script Systems Inc.

115 Metropolitan Drive

PO Box 601

Liverpool, NY 13082

Phone: +1 315 451 1622

FAX: +1 315 451 8503

 

You may also contact Philips Media Systems for information on development

systems.

*****

Philips Media Systems

 

North America

Philips Media Systems

1 Philips Drive

Knoxville, TN 37914

Contacts:

General: Bernie Mitchell

Phone: +1 615 521 3232

West Coast: John Hill

Phone: +1 408 248 8893

Central: Jerry Huffman

Phone: +1 317 841 0224

Southern: Linda Olsen

Phone: +1 404 952 0064

East Coast: John Elicker

Phone: +1 908 827 8648

 

 

East Asia

Philips Interactive Media Asia Pacific

c/o Philips Hong Kong Ltd., Consumer Service

Site 7, Ground Floor, Whampoa Garden

Hung Hom

Kowloon

Hong Kong

Contact: Chris Hofland

Phone: +852 773 5332

Fax: +852 334 5482

 

Australia

Philips Australia Centre

3 Figtree Drive

Homebush NSW 2140

Australia

Contact: Gordon Lee

Phone: +61 2 7428311

Fax: +61 2 7644060

 

World Headquarters

Philips Media Systems

P.O. Box 80002

5600 JB Eindhoven

The Netherlands

Contact: Cees van Versendaal

Phone: +31 40 736228

Fax: +31 40 735871

 

The 'Green Book' and Other Optical Disc Specifications

Bert Gall

Philips Consumer Electronics

Coordination Office Optical & Magnetic Media Systems

Building SWA-1

P.O. BOX 80002

5600 JB EINDHOVEN

The Netherlands

 

*****

Home Entertainment Title Development

Philips Interactive Media

11111 Santa Monica Boulevard, Suite 700

Los Angeles, CA 90025

 

Children's Label Group

Sarina Simon, President

 

Games Labels Group

David McElhatten President

 

Home Entertainment and Special Interest Labels Group

Ann Kronen, President

 

Education Labels Group

Bernard Luskin, President

 

European/Country Labels Group

Jean-Pierre Isbouts, President

 

FMV/Digital Video Group

Graham Williams, President

 

*****

26. RELATED DOCUMENTS FOR PROSPECTIVE CD-I DEVELOPERS

CD-i Development Environments

CD-i Directory

CD-i Publications

CD-i Technical Summary

 

You may request the publications listed above from:

Developer Services

Philips Interactive Media

11050 Santa Monica Blvd.

Los Angeles, CA 90025

Phone: +1 310 444 6158 or +1 310 444 6159

Fax: +1 310 477 4953

 

 

**************************************************************************

* DISCLAIMER: This document is made to the best of the knowledge of the *

* authors, but inevitably there may be errors or omissions. Philips and *

* the authors accept no liability for the information presented herein. *

**************************************************************************

 

For comments, additions, and corrections, or if you have other questions,

contact:

Developer Services

Philips Interactive Media

11050 Santa Monica Blvd.

Los Angeles, CA 90025

Fax: +1 310 477 4953

 

Contact: Lucy Lediaev

E-Mail: Internet: lucy@aimla.com

CompuServe: 72056,1130

or

 

Contact: Lex van Sonderen

E-Mail: Internet: lex@aimla.com

CompuServe: 71552,2204

 

--EOF--